Class 6 - Biology - Body Movements

Question 1:

 Fill in the blanks:

 (a) Joints of the bones help in the ______________________ of the body.

 (b) A combination of bones and cartilages forms the _______ of the body.

(c) The bones at the elbow are joined by a ______________________ joint.

(d) The contraction of the _____________ pulls the bones during movement.

Answer:

(a) Joints of the bones help in the movement of the body.

(b) A combination of bones and cartilages forms the skeleton of the body.

(c) The bones at the elbow are joined by a hinge joint.

(d) The contraction of the muscle pulls the bones during movement.

Question 2: Indicate true (T) and false (F) among the following sentences.

 (a) The movement and locomotion of all animals is exactly the same.

(b) The cartilages are harder than bones.

(c) The finger bones do not have joints.

(d) The fore arm has two bones.

(e) Cockroaches have an outer skeleton.

 Answer:

 (a) The movement and locomotion of all animals is exactly the same. (False)

(b) The cartilages are harder than bones. (False)

(c) The finger bones do not have joints. (False)

(d) The fore arm has two bones. (True)

(e) Cockroaches have an outer skeleton. (True)

 

Question 3: Match the items in Column I with one or more items of Column II.

Column I                                                    Column II

Upper jaw                                has fins on the body

Fish                                           has an outer skeleton

Ribs                                          can fly in the air

Snail                                         is a movable joint

Cockroach                               protect the heart

                                                 shows very slow movement

                                                 have a streamlined body

Answer:

 Column I                                   Column II

Upper jaw               is an immovable joint

Fish                         have fins on the body, have a streamlined body

 Ribs                       protect the heart

Snail                       shows very slow movement 
Cockroach               has an outer skeleton, can fly in the air

 

Question 4:

Answer the following:

(a) What is a ball and socket joint?

(b) Which of the skull bones are movable?

(c) Why can our elbow not move backwards?

Answer:

(a)A ball and socket joint is a moveable joint. It has a rounded end of one bone fit into the cavity (hollow space) of the other bone. It allows movement in all directions.

Example: shoulder joints.

(b)Only the lower jaw in skull bones is movable.

(c) Elbow joint is an example of hinge joint which allows only back and forth movements. Thus, we cannot move our elbow backwards.

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