Class 6 - Chemistry - Fibre to Fabric
Classify the following fibres as natural or synthetic:
nylon, wool, cotton, silk, polyester, jute
Natural Fibres: wool, cotton, silk, jute
Synthetic Fibres: nylon, polyester
State whether the following statements are true or false:
Fill in the blanks:
From which parts of the plant cotton and jute are obtained?
Cotton is obtained from the fruits of the cotton plant, called cotton balls. Jute fibre is
obtained from the stem of the jute plant.
Name two items that are made from coconut fibre.
Jute bags, ropes and Foot mats.
Explain the process of making yarn from fibre.
The process of making yarn from fibres is called spinning. In this process, fibres from a mass of cotton are drawn out and twisted.
This brings the fibres together to form a yarn.
Spinning is done at home using simple devices like hand spindle (Takli) and charkha. On large scale big spinning machines are used.