Class 10 Biology How Do Organisms Reproduce Family Planning

Family Planning

Some people give birth to a child every year; others end up with 10- 11 children. It is very important to understand the disadvantages of overpopulation and proactively act to control the same. Following points can ensure that the population does not increase beyond limit:

  • Control the number of children in a family to one/two depending upon the family’s income
  • No differentiation between male & female child. Some people end up giving birth to 6-7 daughters just to get a son.
  • Proper age gap between children must be maintained, so that enough care is provided to the first child even before the second one arrives.
  • Parents should plan a baby at their right age. If parents are too old in the 40s , they themselves become too old to take care of kids. Similarly parents as young as 19- 20 years old couples are too young to manage kids.


There are several means to avoid unwanted pregnancy or maintain proper gap between children. Some of the ways are as follows:

  • Condoms
    • Balloon like elastic covering that tightly fits over the penis
    • Collects ejaculated sperms during intercourse

  • Oral contraceptive pills
    • Does not allow ovulation to occur

  • Surgical method
    • Vasectomy: Removal of a small portion of Vas deferens
    • Tubectomy: Removal of a small portion of fallopian tube

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