|Class 10 Biology Our Environment||Ecosystem|
All organisms such as plants, animals, microorganisms and human beings interact with the non-living physical surroundings in an area called as the ecosystem.
The abiotic components of ecosystem are light, temperature, rainfall, wind, soil etc.
Fig. Abiotic components -light, rainfall, soil
Various examples of ecosystem are forests, ponds, gardens, crop fields.
Fig. Forest- an ecosystem
Fig. Pond- an ecosystem
Fig. Garden- an ecosystem
Fig. Crop field- an ecosystem
An ecosystem which is formed due to the result of interactions between organisms and the environment is natural ecosystem.
An ecosystem which is created by human beings and did not exist naturally is artificial ecosystem.
Example- Forests, ponds are natural ecosystem and gardens, crop fields are artificial ecosystem.