Class 10 Chemistry Acids Bases Salts What happens to acid and base in water

What happens to acid and base in water?

Acids in water solution dissociates H+ ions. Let us consider the reaction between water and hydrochloric acid (HCl).  HCl in presence of water produces H+ ion. This ion cannot exist alone and hence combines with water molecules and forms H3O+. The reaction is as follows:

Base when dissolved in water produces OH- ion. Let us consider the reaction between water and sodium hydroxide NaOH. NaOH in presence of water produces OH- ion.

Therefore the neutralisation stands out as follows:

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