Saturated Carbon Compounds
- Compounds formed by the linking of carbon by single bonds in between them are called saturated compounds.
- These compounds have hydrogen atoms that fill all of the other bonding orbitals of the carbon atoms.
- For example, Alkanes are saturated compounds. It is a series of saturated compounds.
- Methane with a formula CH4 is one of the simplest compounds formed by carbon.
- The valency of hydrogen is 1 and that of carbon is 4.
- So 4 carbon atoms share their outermost electrons with four individual hydrogen atoms by a single bond.
- This saturated compound is extensively used as a fuel and is one of the significant constituent of bio-gas and Compressed Natural Gas (CNG).
- The second compound in the series of saturated compounds is ethane with a formula of C2H6.
- In case of ethane three valencies of each carbon atom remain unsatisfied and hence each carbon is bonded to three hydrogen atoms by a single bond are normally not very reactive.