Class 10 Chemistry Carbon and Its Compounds Saturated Carbon Compounds

Saturated Carbon Compounds

  • Compounds formed by the linking of carbon by single bonds in between them are called saturated compounds.
  • These compounds have hydrogen atoms that fill all of the other bonding orbitals of the carbon atoms.
  • For example, Alkanes are saturated compounds. It is a series of saturated compounds.
  • Methane with a formula CH4 is one of the simplest compounds formed by carbon.
    • The valency of hydrogen is 1 and that of carbon is 4.
    • So 4 carbon atoms share their outermost electrons with four individual hydrogen atoms by a single bond. 
    • This saturated compound is extensively used as a fuel and is one of the significant constituent of bio-gas and Compressed Natural Gas (CNG).

  • The second compound in the series of saturated compounds is ethane with a formula of C2H6.
    • In case of ethane three valencies of each carbon atom remain unsatisfied and hence each carbon is bonded to three hydrogen atoms by a single bond are normally not very reactive.

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