Class 10 Chemistry Carbon and Its Compounds Hydrocarbon

Hydrocarbon

  • All carbon compounds having carbon and hydrogen are known as hydrocarbons.
  • The saturated hydrocarbons having single bonds are called alkanes. For example, Methane, Ethane etc. The general formula for alkanes can be written as CnH2n+1, where n = 2, 3, 4.

                            

 

  • The unsaturated hydrocarbons having one or more double bonds are called alkenes. For example, Ethene, Propene, Butene, etc. The general formula for alkenes can be written as CnH2n, where n = 2, 3, 4.

  • The unsaturated hydrocarbons having one or more triple bonds are called alkynes. For example, Ethyne, Propyne etc. The general formula for alkynes can be written as CnH2n-1, where n = 2, 3, 4.

 

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