Class 10 Chemistry Carbon and Its Compounds Bonding of carbon with other elements

Bonding of carbon with other elements



  • In addition to hydrogen carbon also form bonds with other elements like halogens, oxygen, nitrogen, sulphur and many more.
  • One or more hydrogen bonded to carbon can be replaced by any of the elements mentioned above in such a way that the valency of carbon remains satisfied.
  • The element that replaces the hydrogen from the compound is termed as a heteroatom.

Fig. One of the hydrogen atoms in methane is replaced by chlorine atom.

  • The heteroatom deliberates certain specific properties to the compound that alters its previous behaviour irrespective of the length and nature of the carbon chain. They are termed as functional groups.


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