DIVERSITY IN THE LIVING WORLD
- About 1.7 - 1.8 million species are known and described.
- Some organisms are so small that they cannot be seen with naked eyes, some are very huge in size.
- They are found in wide range of habitats like oceans, forests, lakes, deserts, etc.
- All these organisms which live on Earth together make up biodiversity.
- Nomenclature – Naming an organism so that it is known by the same name all over the world.
- ICBN – International Code for Botanical Nomenclature
- ICZN - International Code for Zoological Nomenclature
- There are two components of scientific names – Generic name and specific epithet. This system of providing a name with two components is called Binomial nomenclature.
- Binomial Nomenclature was given by Carolus Linnaeus.
- For example: scientific name of Mango is Mangifera indica.
Mangifera represents genus and indica represents species.