Class 11 Chemistry Chemical Bonding Structure COVALENT BOND


They are formed by mutual sharing of electrons between combining atoms

Like in:

  • Hydrogen chloride molecule



  •  Oxygen molecule


  •  In Nitrogen molecule


Terms to know:

  • Valence electrons: The electrons present in valence shell.
  • Lone pair: The electrons that do not participate in bond formation.
  • Bond pair: The electrons that participate in bond formation.


Lewis dot structures:

  1. Chlorine molecule


  1. Carbondioxide molecule


 3. Methane


Note: These all compounds are neutral that is they have no charge on them

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