Class 11 Chemistry Organic Chemistry Rules For Naming Organic Compounds With Functional Group

RULES FOR NAMING ORGANIC COMPOUND WITH FUNCTIONAL GROUP

  1. Select longest chain containing functional group.
  2. Numbering is done in such a way that Carbon atom with functional group gets lowest number.
  3. Rules for naming substituent are same.
  4. The 2 or more functional groups are indicated by di, tri etc.
  5. While numbering the preference is given as: -

         Functional Group > Double Bond> Triple Bond> Side Chain

  1. If different functional groups are present that preference for considering main functional group is give as shown:

         COOH > ester> acid halide> amide>CN>CHO>C>OH>amines>ether

  • One functional group is treated as main group.
  • Other functional group (treated as substituent according to preference)

PREFIX USED FOR SECONDARY FUNCTIONAL GROUP

Class_11_Concepts_Of_Chemistry_Rules_For_SecondaryFunctional_Groups

Example:

 Class_11_Concepts_Of_Chemistry_Rules_For_SecondaryFunctional_Groups_Examples

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