Class 11 Chemistry Organic Chemistry Fundamental Concepts Of Organic Reactions

Fundamental concepts of organic reactions

Whenever a chemical reaction takes place the old bonds break and new bonds of products is formed.

  • Breaking of bond --- fission.
  • Formation of bonds --- products formed.
  • Bond fission is of 2 types:
  • Homolytic
  • Heterolytic


Homolytic fission: The bond breaks in such a way that each electron of shared pair is taken equally by each atom.


Heterolytic fission: The bond break in such a way, that one species takes

both the electrons of shared pair and other remain deficient of shared pair.


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