Class 11 Physics Rotational Motion Dynamics of Rotational Motion about a Fixed Axis

Dynamics of Rotational Motion about a Fixed Axis

  • Only those components of torques, which are along the direction of the fixed axis, need to be considered because the component of the torque perpendicular to the axis of rotation will tend to turn the axis from its position.
  • This means
  • We need to consider only those forces that lie in planes perpendicular to the axis. Forces which are parallel to the axis will give torques perpendicular to the axis.
  • We need to consider only those components of the position vectors which are perpendicular to the axis. Components of position vectors along the axis will result in torques perpendicular to the axis

 

 

 

Example - Torques of equal magnitude are applied to a hollow cylinder and a solid sphere, both having the same mass and radius. The cylinder is free to rotate about its standard axis of symmetry, and the sphere is free to rotate about an axis passing through its centre. Which of the two will acquire a greater angular speed after a given time?

Solution:  We know that  t = I∝, since torque is equal so
(I∝)cylinder = (I∝)sphere
Isphere = 2/5 MR2  & Icylinder = MR
cylinder  < ∝sphere

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