Class 12 Biology Ecosystem Phosphorus Cycle

Phosphorus Cycle

Phosphorus is a major constituent of biological membranes, nucleic acids and cellular energy transfer systems.

Many animals also need large quantities of this element to make shells, bones and teeth.

The natural reservoir of phosphorus is rock, which contains phosphorus in the form of phosphates.

When rocks are weathered, minute amounts of these phosphates dissolve in soil solution and are absorbed by the roots of the plants.

Herbivores and other animals obtain phosphorous from plants.

The waste products and the dead organisms are decomposed by phosphate-solubilising bacteria releasing phosphorus.

Difference between carbon and phosphorous cycle is

  • There is no respiratory release of phosphorus into atmosphere like carbon.
  • Atmospheric inputs of phosphorus through rainfall are much smaller than carbon inputs.
  • Gaseous exchanges of phosphorus between organism and environment are negligible.

Fig. phosphorous cycle  


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