Class 12 Biology Ecosystem Ecosystem services

Ecosystem services

The products of ecosystem processes are named as ecosystem services.

For example, healthy forest ecosystems

  • purify air and water
  • mitigate droughts and floods
  • cycle nutrients
  • generate fertile soils
  • provide wildlife habitat
  • maintain biodiversity
  • pollinate crops
  • provide storage site for carbon and also provide aesthetic
  • cultural and spiritual values

Fig. pollination 

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