Class 12 Biology Enhancement In Food Production Somatic cell hybridization

Somatic cell hybridization

  • The process of fusing the protoplast of two cells of desirable plants to obtain a hybrid protoplast.
  • In somatic cell hybridization.
  • Cells are isolated from two desirable plants.
  • Digestion of cell walls of the cells.
  • Protoplasts of two desirable plants with desirable characters are fused to form hybrid protoplast.
  • The hybrid protoplast can be further grown into a new plant.

Example- production of plant like pomato from potato and tomato.

Fig. somatic hybridization  

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