|Class 12 Biology Human Health Disease||Prevention and control of diseases|
Maintenance of hygiene is very important for prevention and control of diseases.
Measures for hygiene include keeping the body clean; consumption of clean drinking water, food, vegetables, fruits, proper disposal of waste and excreta; periodic cleaning and disinfection of water reservoirs, pools, cesspools and tanks.
In case of air borne diseases, close contact with the infected person and his belongings should be avoided.
For vector borne diseases such as malaria and filariasis, the measures to control diseases are-
The use of vaccines and immunization programmes has enabled to control diseases like smallpox, diphtheria, polio, pneumonia, tetanus etc.
Fig. maintaining hygiene, vaccination can control diseases