|Class 12 Biology Human Health Disease||Prevention and control of Drug Abuse|
Immediate effects are reckless behavior, vandalism and violence.
Excessive doses of drugs may lead to coma and death due to respiratory failure, heart failure or cerebral hemorrhage.
Those who take drugs intravenously can get infected with AIDS, hepatitis B.
The chronic use of drugs and alcohol damages nervous system and cause liver cirrhosis.
The use of drugs and alcohol during pregnancy is also known to adversely affect the foetus.
Use of anabolic steroids in females can cause masculinisation, increased aggressiveness, mood swings, depression, abnormal menstrual cycles, excessive hair, growth on the face and body, enlargement of clitoris, deepening of voice.
In males anabolic steroids can cause acne, increased aggressiveness, mood swings, depression, reduction of size of the testicles, decreased sperm production, potential for kidney and liver dysfunction, breast enlargement, premature baldness, enlargement of the prostate gland.
Prevention and Control
The measures useful for prevention and control of alcohol and drugs abuse among adolescents-
Fig. parents help and consultation with qualified psychiatrists can prevent and control alcohol and drug abuse