Class 12 Biology Reproductive Health Sexually transmitted diseases

Sexually transmitted diseases(STD’s)

Diseases which are transmitted through sexual intercourse with infected person are called sexually transmitted diseases or venereal diseases or reproductive tract infections. (RTI)

Gonorrhea, syphilis, genital herpes, genital warts, hepatitis, AIDS, chlamydiasis are sexually transmitted diseases.

STD’s can transmit through-

  • Sexual contact with infected persons.
  • Sharing of needles or surgical instruments contaminated with infected blood.
  • Transfusion of contaminated blood.
  • STDs can also be transmitted from an infected mother to the foetus.

STDs can be prevented by taking preventive measures like-

  • Avoid sex with unknown persons or multiple persons.
  • Always use condoms during sex.
  • If the early symptoms like itching, fluid discharge, slight pain, swellings occur in the genital regions, one must consult a doctor.

STDs if left untreated can lead to pelvic inflammatory diseases, abortions, still births, ectopic pregnancies, infertility or even cancer of the reproductive tract.

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