Class 12 Chemistry Aldehydes Ketones Acids Chemical properties of aldehydes and ketones
  • Nucleophilic addition reaction with loss of water molecule

In these reactions, mainly the reaction occurs with ammonia and its derivatives. The general reaction involved is:

Class_12_Aldehydes_&_Ketones_Nucleophilic_Addition_Reaction 

  •      Reaction with hydroxylamine (NH2OH): Oxime is formed

     Class_12_Aldehydes_&_Ketones_Reaction_With_Hydroxyl_Amine          

 

  • Reaction with hydrazine (NH2NH2):Hydrazones are formed

 Class_12_Aldehydes_&_Ketones_Reaction_With_Hydrazine

  •  Reaction with phenyl hydrazine: (phenyl hydrazone is formed )

 Class_12_Aldehydes_&_Ketones_Reaction_With_PhenylHydrazine

  • Reaction with 2,4 dinitrophenylhydrazine: orange crystals are formed

       Class_12_Aldehydes_&_Ketones_Reaction_With_DinitrophenylHydrazine

  • Reaction with semi carbazide (NH2NHCONH2):semi carbazone is formed

 Class_12_Aldehydes_&_Ketones_Semi-Carbazide

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