|Class 12 Chemistry Haloalkanes and Haloarenes||Classification on basis of compounds containing sp3CX Bond|
Classification of halo alkanes and halo arenes on the basis of compounds containing sp3C—X Bond
(a) Alkyl halides or halo alkanes (R—X)
They create a homologous series represented by CnH2n+1X and can be further classified as primary, secondary or tertiary.
(b) Allylic halides
The compounds with halogen atoms bonded to sp3-hybridised carbon to carbon-carbon double bond (C=C) i.e. to an allylic carbon.
(c) Benzylic halides
The halogen atom of these compounds is bonded to sp3-hybridised carbon atom placed next to an aromatic ring.