Class 6 Biology Living Organisms and Surroundings Biotic and abiotic components

Biotic and abiotic components

Biotic components are the ones which include all living beings in a habitat where as various non-living things of the habitat constitute abiotic components.

Examples of Biotic components- plants, microorganisms, animals etc.

Fig. Plants , a biotic component

Fig. Bacteria in the culture plate, a biotic component


Examples of  Abiotic components- rocks, water bodies, mountains, air etc.

Fig. Mountains, an abiotic component

Fig. Sea water, an abiotic component  

Abiotic components are important to us as these help us to grow and maintain the life of all living beings. For example – plants need water, light, heat for growth.

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