|Class 7 Chemistry Acids, Bases and Salts||Acids and bases|
Acids and bases
The substances that taste sour are called acid and their nature is acidic. The term acid is derived from a Latin word acere which means sour. Examples of acidic substances are Curd containing lactic acid, lemon juice and tomato containing citric acid, and vinegar containing acetic acid.
Fig. Lemon juice, tomato, vinegar
The substances that taste bitter are called base and their nature is basic. They are slippery to touch. Example: baking soda containing sodium hydrogen carbonate, Milk of magnesia, Soaps, Lime water containing calcium hydroxide, Household cleaners.
Fig. Baking soda, milk of magnesia