Class 8 Physics Some Natural Phenomena Protection against earthquakes

Protection against earthquakes

  • In seismic areas, houses have to built such that they are 'Quake Safe'. Special care has to be taken for this purpose.
  • During earthquakes, there are changes that fire might erupt and worsen the condition. So, building need to take precautionary fire fighting measures.
  • Mud/Timber is lighter and it is preferred over heavy construction material.
  • Roofs need to be as light as possible to minimise the damage in case of a fall.
  • While designing interiors, we should take care that cupboards are fixed to the wall so that they don't fall easily.
  • Similarly, hang photo frames, clocks and other design articles on the wall such that they don't fall on people
  • Don't stand under heavy and tall objects, buildings, power lines, trees etc. If you are driving, please move towards open spaces
  • If you are at home, take protection under a table.
  • If you are in bed, cover your head with a pillow. In seismic areas, beds should not be near heavy objects.
  • Beware of falling objects and protect your head with a bag/coat or pillow.
  • Don't use elevators.

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