Class 9 Biology Improvement Food Resources Poultry farming

Poultry farming

The act of raising domestic fowls to ensure the production of adequate number of egg, chicken and meat is called poultry farming.

The cross-breeding programmes are performed between Indian and foreign breeds to develop new varieties having some required desirable characteristics.

Poultry farming takes care of following agendas:

  • To ensure well-illuminated and well-ventilated shelter for the fowls.

  • Ensure that the domestic fowls are kept under proper temperature andhygiene.
  • They get nutritious food.
  • Prevent the chances of poultry fowl suffering from a number ofdiseases caused by virus, bacteria, fungi,parasites and nutritionaldeficiencies.

 

The desirable characteristics are as follows:

  • Increased number of chicks.
  • Good quality chicken who are capable to tolerate high temperature.
  • To develop breeds with Low maintenance requirements.
  • Reduced size of the egg-layingbird with the ability to utilize morefibrous cheaper diets made out of agricultural by-products.
  • Broiler chickens are given vitamin-rich (vitamins A and K) food to ensure proper growth rate andbetter feed efficiency.

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