English Grammar Number How are Plurals formed

How are Plurals formed?

Nouns have been segregated into various categories.

For example, Nouns ending with “O” are in one category, whereas Nouns ending with “F” and “S” are in two different categories.

Type 1. When a singular Noun ends with “o” , add “es” at the end to get its plural.

For example,

Potato Potatoes

 

Mango Mangoes

 

Mosquito Mosquitoes

Some Singular Nouns ending in “o” changes to plural Noun by adding “s” at the end.

For example, 

Auto Autos

 

Photo   Photos

 

Type 2. When a singular Noun ends with ‘f’ or ‘fe’ , change ‘f’or ‘fe’ to ‘ves’ to get its plural.

For example,

Knife   Knives

                                                            

Calf Calves

                    


But there are certain exceptions. For example, plural of Dwarf can be spelled as Dwarfs or Dwarves. Similarly, plural of Scarf can be spelled as Scarfs or Scarves.

Some other exceptions are exhibited by the words Proof, cliff, and chief. The plural of these words can be obtained just by adding “s” at the end. Therefore, the plural of these words are proofs, cliffs and chiefs respectively.

 

Type 3. When a singular Noun ends with “y” , change ‘y’ to ‘ies’ to get its plural.

For example,

Lady Ladies

                                                              

Baby  Babies

                    

 

Type 4. When a singular Noun ends with “s, sh, x, ch” , add “es” at the end to get its plural.

For example,

Wish Wishes

 

Box     Boxes

                                                           

Bus Buses

         

Bench Benches

          

All the above mentioned examples are called regular nouns.

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